Tod eines Dealers

spiegelonline_logoSeinen letzten Firmensitz hatte der Vater des modernen Rohstoffhandels über einem Bistro. Im Erdgeschoss des Bürogebäudes Baarerstraße 53 in Zug am Zugersee preist “Monsieur Baguette” in bunten Lettern Schweizer Birchermüesli, Brötli und Ovomaltine an, daneben wirbt ein Friseur mit großen Postern um Kundschaft. Aber auf Etage vier, vor der Zentrale der millionenschweren Holding, hängt nur ein diskretes Schild mit der Aufschrift “MRI Group of Companies”. Seinen vollen Namen hat Marc Rich ja öfter gelesen, als ihm lieb war. Und seine besten Geschäfte hat er gemacht, als ihn noch nicht so viele kannten.

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Oil King Marc Rich Dead At 78

forbes_logo_mainCommodities kingpin and fugitive American ex-pat Marc Rich died today from a stroke at the age of 78 in a hospital in Lucerne, Switzerland. Rich was the founder in 1974 of Marc Rich & Co. AG, a pioneering oil-trading firm. Beginning with a management buyout in 1994, the firm eventually became what is today Glencore Xstrata, the world’s largest commodities trading house. The Belgian-born Rich started out at the bottom but became a powerful and shadowy figure in financial circles.

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Revelações de um corretor de negócios muito amigo de governos

“Rei do Petróleo – A Vida Secreta de Marc Rich”, Daniel Ammann. Novo Século. 326 págs., R$ 39,90

Personagem-chave na criação do mercado spot de petróleo, Marc Rich era reverenciado, desde os anos 1970, como um dos mais bem-sucedidos corretores de commodities. Até que, em 1983, foi acusado, nos Estados Unidos, de sonegação fiscal e de fazer negócios com um país inimigo, o Irã (entre outros). Rich fugiu para a Suiça, de onde nunca mais voltou, apesar de tentativas do governo americano para extraditá-lo, e mesmo de sequestrá-lo. O livro de Daniel Ammann, jornalista suiço, é o resultado de mais de 30 horas de conversas com Rich, que lhe falou sobre sua vida e seus negócios com petróleo, nos quais esteve envolvido até os anos 1990. Ammann também ouviu colaboradores, amigos, parentes e funcionários do governo americano.

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O rei do petróleo

O REI DO PETROLEO – A VIDA SECRETA DE MARC RICH  – Livro de Daniel Ammann – Novo Seculo Editora – 2011 – Obra recem publicada nos EUA e no Brasil com a biografia do maior especulador de petroleo dos tempos modernos, Marc Rich, judeu belga cuja familia fugiu de Antuerpia em 1940 e depois de muitas peripécias chegou a Nova York pelo lendario vapor português Serpa Pinto, cuja historia já postei aqui no blog. Marc Rich começou sua vida  na famosa trading de metais Philip Brothers, a PHIBRO, muito conhecida no Brasil e que tinha escritorio em São Paulo. Read More »

Founding father backs Glencore IPO

Marc Rich, founder of the Swiss trading house that evolved into Glencore, says the group has little choice but to become a public company, despite believing that secrecy is an advantage in the commodities market. In his first interview in at least 20 years, Mr Rich backed Glencore’s steps to become a public company this year and even said he planned to buy shares in the business that he sold in 1993.Read More »

Der Ölhändler von Castro und Khomeini

Dass Bücher über ökonomische Themen nicht per se trocken oder zu theoretisch sind, beweist das Buch von Daniel Ammann über Marc Rich, das sich stellenweise wie ein Thriller liest. Dass es sich trotzdem um ein seriöses Buch handelt, zeigt die Verleihung des renommierten Georg-von-Holtzbrinck-Preises für Wirtschaftspublizistik an den Autor. Ammann schreibt über den wohl mächtigsten Rohstoffhändler aller Zeiten, Marc Rich. Er stand 17 Jahre wegen Steuerbetrugs und Geschäften mit dem Iran auf der Fahndungsliste der am meisten gesuchten Männer der USA, bis ihn Präsident Bill Clinton an seinem letzten Amtstag im Januar 2001 begnadigte.Read More »

“Marc Rich – Der König des Öls”

Die Amerikaner schickten zwei ihrer besten Agenten auf die heikle Mission: Howard Safir, den späteren Polizeichef von New York, und Chefinspektor Don Ferrarone, eine Legende, seit er mitgeholfen hatte, den größten Drogenring der Vereinigten Staaten zu zerschlagen. Getarnt als harmlose Touristen, reisten die beiden Undercover-Polizisten im Herbst 1985 in die Schweiz ein. Ihre Mission, das wussten sie genau, würde die freundschaftlichen Beziehungen zu den Eidgenossen nachhaltig stören: Sie wollten hinter dem Rücken der Behörden einen Geschäftsmann entführen, der sich vor der amerikanischen Justiz ins schweizerische Städtchen Zug abgesetzt hatte.Read More »

The Financial Times on The King of Oil

The Financial Times just published an excellent article about Glencore, its origin and its future. The King of Oil – The Secret Lives of Marc Rich was an important source and is quoted in the article:

Amid such profound changes, Glencore started to plot a new future. Such plans will move the group further from its origins under Marc Rich, an oil trader who founded the business under the name of Marc Rich + Co in 1974, and sold to management in 1993. According to Daniel Ammann’s book, The Secret Lives of Marc Rich, the founder – who made a lot of money from deals with countries shunned by others, such as apartheid South Africa and Iran – sold the company to management for about $600m, a figure Mr Rich said was not far from reality.Read More »

Why Sanctions Against Iran Will (Almost Surely) Fail

Iran is coming under even greater pressure to curb its nuclear program. The U.N. Security Council is expected to vote soon on a fresh round of sanctions against the country. U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates said that the draft resolution is even “somewhat stronger” than he expected. According to the New York Times, even the very lucrative energy sector is mentioned in the preamble, noting the “potential connection between Iran’s revenues derived from its energy sector” and possible financing for its nuclear program.Read More »


谁能想到一个身无分文的欧洲大屠杀事件的幸存者,能够通过自己坚忍不拔的努力最终跻身为美国最富有的富豪之一?又有谁能够想到一个穷困潦倒的犹太难民的后 裔,能够凭借石油贸易一举成为世界上最有权势的大宗商品经销商,成为当之无愧的“石油之王”?马克·里奇是20世纪最有权势、也最具争议的贸易商人之一。 他的生活也总是异常受人关注,他与生活了20多年的妻子离婚,他的离婚代价不菲;他神通广大,与许多政治敏感国家关系友好,并与它们进行石油贸易;他在美 国臭名昭著,是美国“历史上最大的逃税案”的主犯,被认为是“叛国者”,遭到国际通缉。但无疑,马克·里奇是幸运的,2001年1月,当比尔·克林顿总统 在位的最后一天他终于得到赦免。这一切就构成了世人眼中的马克·里奇。他永远都不褪色的一生充满了神秘的传奇色彩。

“Sanctions On Iran Will Fail”

Hillary Clinton telling Iran that the US is looking for sanctions that bite is like telling them they’re going to be grounded and cannot go outside. Sanctions don’t work as far as political threats are concerned in the Middle East – at best they are “hit or miss.” And as reported in Daniel Ammann’s new book, The King of Oil, Israel got 60-90% of its oil from Iran at a time that they weren’t officially recognized because it was in everyone’s interest to be business partners although publicly they had to “not save face” and remain bitter enemies.

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Forbes – The World’s Billionaires

#937 Marc Rich

Net Worth: $1.0 bil
Fortune: Self Made
Source: commodities
Age: 75
Country Of Citizenship: United States
Residence: Meggen
Education: New York U, Drop Out
Marital Status: Divorced, 2 children

NYU dropout started career in mail room of Philipp Brothers in 1954. With long-term partner Pincus Green, built Phibro into world’s largest trader of oil, grain, metals. Left mid-1970s, founded Marc Rich & Co. Fled to Europe 1983 after being indicted for trading with Iran during hostage crisis, evading $50 million in taxes. Duo pardoned by Clinton 2001. Born in Antwerp, Belgium 1934, spent childhood in Philadelphia, Kansas City, New York. Now resides in Switzerland; has given more than $100 million to Jewish causes and leukemia research. Lost millions to Madoff. Net worth estimate likely low.

Recent book by Swiss journalist Daniel Ammann says Rich revealed in interviews his extensive dealings with Iran, Cuba, South Africa; said he provided intelligence to U.S. diplomats about regimes while on the run.


“Glencore is Marc Rich’s legacy”

It’s a well-known fact that oil made Marc Rich the world’s richest and most powerful commodities trader. Oil also made Rich – born Marcell David Reich – infamous around the world for his illegal deals with Iran during the hostage crisis almost 30 years ago. But what few people know is that metals – rather than oil – are responsible for kicking off and ultimately ending his career, Daniel Ammann, author of Rich biography “The King of Oil” reveals.Read More »

Marc Rich Spills His Secrets

The fugitive financier’s biographer talks to Allan Dodds Frank about Rich’s global commodities empire, his connection to U.S. intelligence, and how he bribed world leaders.

Everyone has a favorite fugitive. Hollywood loves Roman Polanski; the Taliban worship Osama bin Laden. For me and dozens of other reporters who have intermittently chased Marc Rich over the last three decades, the commodities trader has been the man most tantalizingly on the lam.

Now comes the journalistic coup by Daniel Ammann, an intrepid Swiss business journalist who, after years of trying to interview Rich, sits down, writes him a long letter full of loaded questions, and astonishingly convinces Rich to be interviewed at length—on the record—for The King of Oil: The Secret Lives of Marc Rich. Much of Rich’s story has long been suspected, but hard to prove.Read More »